Dementia in Canada

Dementia Aware: what you need to know about the National Dementia Strategy

Canada will remember June 22 as a milestone in the fight to combat dementia.

On Thursday, just before they recessed for the summer, MPs passed Bill C-233, a national strategy for Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.

Canada is the 30th country to develop a national strategy to address the overwhelming scale, impact and cost of dementia. “For the more than half a million Canadians living with dementia and their families, this is an important milestone,” said Pauling Tardif, CEO of the Alzheimer Society of Canada.

‘A national strategy enables a coordinated approach to tackling dementia that will impact the lives of those affected in tangible ways.”

As our population ages, the number of people with dementia will climb rapidly. This has the potential to overwhelm the health care system which is already ill equipped to respond to the challenges of dementia. Research is necessary, but we must ask ourselves this question:

“what if we have no cure for Alzheimer’s Disease in the next 10-15 years? What happens then?”

 

Dementia needs to be recognized as a Provincial and Federal health care priority now. We need to develop a more ambitious public approach to dementia, and municipalities, regional districts, community organizations and the business communities need to work together to provide a range of solutions to deliver improved quality of life for people with dementia, and their caregivers.

Without a medical breakthrough, dementia is set to become the most significant social and economic challenge of the 21st century.

 

For over a decade, numerous groups including the Alzheimer Society of Canada, the Canadian Medical Association, dementia care advocates, people with dementia, caregivers and families across Canada have been calling on the Federal Government to create and implement a National Dementia Strategy in response to the dementia crisis.

 

To help you understand what the Federal Government’s response has been to the dementia crisis so far, here is a quick synopsis:

 

  • In 2014, the Federal Government launched the National Dementia Research and Prevention Plan and invested 183 million in dementia research over a 5-year period (2014-2019)
  • In November 2016, the Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science & Technology submitted a detailed report to the Federal Government on the issue of dementia in Canadian society. The report, “Dementia in Canada: A National Strategy for Dementia-friendly Communities,” called for province wide priorities for improving dementia care throughout the healthcare system, and made 29 recommendations aimed to achieve quality care and support for people with dementia from prevention to end of life care. The report received overwhelming support
  • On January 30, 2017, the Senate Committee hosted a panel discussion on Parliament Hill to petition the Federal government to create AND implement a National Dementia Strategy now

 

Then, the announcement Thursday, which couldn’t have been more timely with the release of the World Alzheimer Report 2016, estimating that by 2020, the number of people with dementia in Canada would increase to 620,000 (compared to 556,000 in 2015) and by 2030, that number is expected to rise to 886,000.

 

What does a national strategy mean for people with dementia?

 

It enables a coordinated approach to tackling dementia in Canada that will impact the lives of those affected in tangible ways (Pauling Tardif, CEO of Alzheimer Society of Canada, 2017). It will also begin to address the overwhelming scale, impact and cost of dementia.

 

To develop and implement this strategy, the Federal Government will need to work jointly with the provinces and territories, as well as health stakeholders, other organizations, and the Alzheimer Society of Canada.

 

Most importantly, to be a true dementia strategy, the Government should establish a consultation process with people living with dementia, the caregivers and families.

 

The benefits of a National Dementia Strategy include:

 

  • Inclusion of people with dementia in developing/implementing strategy
  • Investment in dementia research: early detection and prevention
  • Expansion and improvement in quality of care and quality of life for people with dementia, across the continuum of care, including primary care, community care and palliative care
  • Improve the care, education and supports provided to caregivers and families
  • Expansion of standardized dementia care education and development of dementia care skills for all health care professionals
  • Development of resources to address stigma and public awareness of dementia issues

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